uDef NG1/2/6/8theU mwana e bule.The child is naked.U mpishi kadumula i nyama na ngola yake.The cook cut the meat with his knife.Sibufuira bomba u mkingiro.I used a pump to pump up the tire.u kusoma / u kudya / u kukoma / u kusomathe studying / the eating / the killing / the readingThis is the augment or definite article for NG1, NG2, and NG6 singulars.As with all augments, before the verb its use is optional but without it, the meaning is still definite.
u-1VpfxitUlimi wangu uluma gulo.My tongue hurt yesterday.Wira uchemigwa ni wowo.The song was sung by them.Uchi udyamanyuwa ni nyuchi.Honey is made by bees.Nanikaudya.I was eating it (rice).Before vowels u- becomes w-.This is a third person subject and object marker referencing N2 and N6.
u-2Vpfxyou (sg)Kuntu kudya ukalonga kwi kuhi?Where is the place you are talking about?Ukalonga!Keep (on) talking!Ukadyenda!Keep (on) walking!Ukadya!Keep (on) eating!Sono umume!Don't mumble!Una alama.You have a scar.Ukagona na mvere tumiya mpira!When you sleep with a woman, use a condom!Sigambirwa use kwita kwe skulu.I was told for you to not go to school.u- > w- before a vowelSecond person singular subject prefix u- varies with ku-, depending on the tense and aspect. Ku- is used in the unmarked aorist and definite past (in na-); u- is used in the definite present (in a-), 'go, keep on' (in ka-), the future (in na-), negatives, when-clauses in ka-, and in relative clauses and commands.
u ~ wi1VLocSt NG2/6isA kabuga mtwi wake u chimsanga.The rabbit's head is brown.Mcheka u kuhi? -- Wi hano.Where is the mat? -- It's here.Uzi u kuhi? --Wi hano.Where is the string? -- It's here.Msango u meso.The worm is alive.Mpunga uno wi mazi.This rice is watery.u > w /__V2VLocStyou'reDyero u mwe mikono.Today, you're in the hands (= my hands). = I've captured you.This the second person singular LocSt verb.
uaduiNG6enmityAna uadui wingi.He has a lot of enmity.
uatoreNG6actingUatore haupatirwa mapesa.Acting doesn't bring in money.This noun is only used in the singular; there is no plural form. See: atore.
ubaguziNG6discriminationIsi yetu ni isi ya usawa; haina ubaguzi wa rangi na kabila.Our country is a country of equality; it doesn't have discrimination for color or tribe.Wamfintra kwa sababu ya ubaguzi wa rangi..They discrimanted against him because of color discrimination.This noun is always singular; there is no plural form. See: kwigala ubaguzi, kwigaira ubaguzi.
UbajuniNG6BajuninessWau ana sakame ya Ubajuni.Grandma has Bajuni(ness) blood.See: Mbajuni, Chibajuni.
ubalaNG61clevernessWana wa mwe kalasi ino wana ubala.Kids in this class have cleverness.2shrewdness3cunning(ness)See: bala.4smartness5wisdom
ubaloziNG6ambassadorshipUbalozi ni lazima usomerwe.An ambassadorship has to be studied for.Raisi kanisaguira ubalozi wa Jabhuti.The president has chosen an ambassadorship for me in Djabouti.
ubani (mibani)NG61sapNatumiya ubani wa mo mti kumamatiziza usalu uno mwe di bantri.I'm using sap from the tree to glue these beads on the door.Mti uno ubani wake ni mwingi.This tree's sap is a lot. (= This tree has a lot of sap.)2resinUbani uno wabandikizizwa masahara.This resin is used to attach boards.See alternate pronunciation: lubani.3incenseNadyera ubani.I'm putting incense on it.4frankincenseMzehe yuno atutulisa mosi wo ubani mwe nyumba.This elder is making smoke with frankincense in the house.Waganga watumiya ubani wakatibusa wantru.Traditional doctors use frankincense when making people manifest possession (of a spirit).Mbani wachinkha ubani.The incense tree gives us frankincenseThis is resin from the Boswellia sacra tree, mbani.5copal6gugulu
ubao (mibao)NG21plankUbao umwenga wadaha ukakomereza hano.One plank can finish here.See: lubao.2board3posterboardSibandikiza picha yangu mo ubao.I posted my picture on the posterboard.
ubaulo (mibaulo)NG21thunderNeva ntruntrumo ya ubaulo.I'm hearing the rumbling of thunder.Ntruntrumo ino ama ubaulo uno ni wa kulongozeza fula.This rumbling or this thunder is for chasing away the rain. SayingSinahishwa ni ubaulo, sifikiri ni mzinga.I was startled by thunder; I thought it was artillary.See: baulo, kwira ubaulo.2lightningSababu ya moto udya ko mnima ni ubaulo.The cause of that fire on the hill is lightning.3popping whipNanikamviringira owo Mkomwa ubaulo wake mwe honde ya mpungu.I was whirling big brother Mkomwa's popping whip for him in the rice field.Weye houdahe kwikala siku dimwenga bila kuringa ubaulo.You can't stay one day without slinging a popping rope.
ubaviNG61thieveryUbavi si wedi male.Thievery is not good at all.2robberyKwingira zambi gani? -- Singira zambi za ubavi.What crime did you commit? -- I committed the crime of robbery.Sizigirizwa ubavi wa bengi.I've beern accused of bank robbery.3theftMiye na Shebule chiziganywa ubavi.Me and Shebule have been accused of theft.Chidundo hakuzigika ubavi.Chidundo isn't accusable of theft.4stealingMbuyangu kanizigiriza ubavi.My friend accused me of stealing.Seziga ubavi.I accused myself of stealing.5trickeryWata kusanga karata watumiya ubavi.Card dealers use trickery.
ubavu (mbavu)NG6ribUbavu wangu uno waluma.This rib of mine hurts.See alternate pronunciation: lubavu.See: kugonera ubavu, chibavubavu, mhindabavu.
ubawo (mibawo)NG2posterboardMbandikyadyi ni mtru akubandika mahanshi ama faili mo ubawo.A poster is a person who posts papers or files on a posterboard.
uberoNG61impudenceMiye si mtru ana ubero male.I am not one that has impudence at all.Leka ubero, mbuyangu!Stop [your] impudence, my friend!See: mbero, kubera.2sassinessMwana yuno ana ubero.This kid has sassiness.3disrespectfulnessUbero wakugalusa mtru aihiye.Disrespectfulness makes you be a bad person.4disparagementAsha katogola ubero.Asha likes disparagement.
ubeziNG61lack of concentrationMwana yuno ana ubezi.This child has a lack of concentration.See: mbezi.2poor listening skillsMwanangu ana ubezi.My kid has poor listening skills.3ignoranceUbezi na udala ni lema dya Mzigula. (Arbow: )Ignorance and miserliness are bad behavior of a Kiziguan.
ubhadhiyaNG61nomadnessWazigula waerevukwa; hawakushi ubhadhiya.The Kiziguans have gotten wise by experience; they do not live in nomadness (= like nomads).See: bhadhiya, mbhadhiya.2naiviteChilekere ubhadhiya!Stop the naivite (for us)!
ubongo (mibongo)NG21brainMwana kama aketika malovu zaidi, ubongo wake si wedi.If a kid is dripping lots of slobbers, his brain is not good.Chimlava ngobera yo mtwi kwa sabu champima u ubongo.We have taken out his skull cap because we're examining the brain.Msipa wo mgongo nuwo ukusambaza habari mwe i vihendo i vituhu mo umwiri kulawa ko ubongo.The spinal cord in the spine transfers information to other parts of the body coming from the brain.2mindKukuza ubongo wa mwana ni kwedi.To broaden the mind of the child is good.
uboraNG61greatnessNigambira ubora wa ndege ino!Tell me the greatness of this airplane!See: bora.2nobility3dignityKila chintru ukudyamanya, chidyamanye kwa ubora!Each thing that you do, do it with dignity
ubosiNG61bossiness2wealthMwaliko achiletera ubosi.Mwaliko is bringing wealth to us.
ubuleNG61nothing(ness)Unaita kwe skulu bila kumtegereza mwalimu ni ubule.If you go to school without listening to the teacher, it's nothingness (i.e., useless)See: bule.2emptiness3nakednessUbule ni wedi kama wi mwe nyumba.Nakedness is good if you are in the house.4nudity5physical examSibandikizwa ubule.I was scheduled for a physical.Naita kwe ispitali; nna bhalani ya ubule.I'm going to the hospital; I have an appointment for a physical.This is a physical test given to refugees to make sure they're not diseased.
ubunaNG6flavor (good)Garfa ina ubuna mwe shai.Cinnamon has a good flavor in chai.Mboga ino ina ubuna.This soup has a good flavor.Nyama ino ina ubuna.This meat has a good flavor.Mboga ino yanunkha ubuna.This soup smells [like it has] a good flavor.This noun is only singular; there is no plural form.